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Moon Dust and the Age of the Solar System Answers in Genesis , the leading young-earth creationist ministry, disowns cosmic dust arguments. The most amazing thing about the cosmic dust argument is that it is still being used! It has coasted along on obsolete evidence, and nothing but obsolete evidence, for the last 25 years!! It nicely illustrates how creationists borrow from each other and never do any outside reading. The obsolescence of this argument has been brought out in numerous debates and published in countless books, journals, and newsletters. It can be discovered by anyone who exercises his or her library card. It’s not a state secret! What does it take to get through to the creationist brain??

Teaching Geologic History

The abbey was founded in , but border wars with England in the 16th century left it a ruin. His death is thought to have been caused by Paget’s disease of bone. It was an occasional royal residence for the Scots.

2–1 Exercise 2 Relative and absolute dating of geologic events Introduction The study of Earth history involves determining the sequence of geologic.

The Radiometric Dating Game Radiometric dating methods estimate the age of rocks using calculations based on the decay rates of radioactive elements such as uranium, strontium, and potassium. On the surface, radiometric dating methods appear to give powerful support to the statement that life has existed on the earth for hundreds of millions, even billions, of years. We are told that these methods are accurate to a few percent, and that there are many different methods.

We are told that of all the radiometric dates that are measured, only a few percent are anomalous. This gives us the impression that all but a small percentage of the dates computed by radiometric methods agree with the assumed ages of the rocks in which they are found, and that all of these various methods almost always give ages that agree with each other to within a few percentage points. Since there doesn’t seem to be any systematic error that could cause so many methods to agree with each other so often, it seems that there is no other rational conclusion than to accept these dates as accurate.

However, this causes a problem for those who believe based on the Bible that life has only existed on the earth for a few thousand years, since fossils are found in rocks that are dated to be over million years old by radiometric methods, and some fossils are found in rocks that are dated to be billions of years old. If these dates are correct, this calls the Biblical account of a recent creation of life into question.

After study and discussion of this question, I now believe that the claimed accuracy of radiometric dating methods is a result of a great misunderstanding of the data, and that the various methods hardly ever agree with each other, and often do not agree with the assumed ages of the rocks in which they are found. I believe that there is a great need for this information to be made known, so I am making this article available in the hopes that it will enlighten others who are considering these questions.

Even the creationist accounts that I have read do not adequately treat these issues. At the start, let me clarify that my main concern is not the age of the earth, the moon, or the solar system, but rather the age of life, that is, how long has life existed on earth. Many dating methods seem to give about the same ages on meteorites.

Methods of Geological Dating: Numerical and Relative Dating

Kuban last revised Jan. I use this format to avoid webbot spamming Fig. Brown’s website and book showing what he calls the “Rupture Phase of the Flood” Introduction Walter Brown, a young-earth creationist and retired mechanical engineer, has developed a “Flood model”1 which he believes accounts for virtually all geologic evidence on earth, as well as a variety of astronomical phenomena. His central thesis is that only a few thousand years ago the Earth’s entire crust consisted of a granite slab 20 to 60 miles thick until recently, claimed to be 10 mi thick , suspended over a large reservoir of highly pressurized water.

According to Brown, due to centuries of “tidal pumping” from the Moon’s gravity, the crust suddenly cracked and burst open, violently releasing the subterranean water and flooding the entire earth Fig. He argues that large masses of rock and water were ejected into outer space during this massive eruption, creating all the asteroids, comets, and meteoroids in our solar system.

Microsoft Word – Relative Dating practice wkst Author: Press Enter Created Date: 5/2/ AM.

The third tectonic event was the Penokean orogeny which is dated 1, million years ago. Banded-iron formations[ edit ] Hematitic banded-iron formation specimen from Michigan’s Upper Peninsula; Scale bar is 5. The results of the impact fundamentally affected concentrations of dissolved oxygen in the sea; the accumulation of marine sediments the banded-iron formations were almost instantaneously shut down and banded-iron formation buildups suddenly ended about 1, million years ago.

The Gunflint Range is a mountain range in northeastern Minnesota, U. The Gunflint and Mesabi ranges form a belt extending from the upper Mississippi River to the extreme northeast part of Minnesota and into Canada to Thunder Bay. Ely Greenstone consists of igneous rocks which were metamophosed by the gabbro of the Duluth Complex. It is divided into three structural units:

Isochron Dating

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Visitors can immerse themselves in places where events actually happened and enjoy some of the most significant natural and historic places in America. These are places that offer renewal for the body, the spirit and the mind.

Name: Susana Bastos Section: _____ Lab 6 – Exercise on Relative Dating and Geologic Cross Sections 1. Describe the geologic history of the cross section shown below. Note that the Precambrian basement (Unit A) has been dated by the U-Pb technique as having an age of ± billion years The igneous intrusion (Unit F) has been dated by the Rb-Sr isotope technique as having a Cretaceous %(4).

No reproduction may be made without prior approval from the author Dr. Relative Dating of Geologic Cross-Sections: Cliffs, road cuts, and non-vegetated landscapes allow us glimpses into geology which is often hidden from view. Cliffs and road cuts are “side views” or “geologic cross-sections” of the topography which show the relative positions of various rock layers and structures at a given spot.

Applying the principles of relative dating to these rock exposures also called “outcrops” , we can reconstruct the sequence of events that created the geologic features which we see. Events can be the deposition of a sedimentary layer, the eruption of a lava flow, the intrusion of magma to form a batholith, a fault break in the rock that shifts one side relative to the other side and causes an earthquake , a fold that bends and distorts rock layers, or any number of other geologic processes.

Geologic Map Exercise

References Generic Radiometric Dating The simplest form of isotopic age computation involves substituting three measurements into an equation of four variables, and solving for the fourth. The equation is the one which describes radioactive decay: The variables in the equation are: Pnow – The quantity of the parent isotope that remains now.

This is measured directly. Porig – The quantity of the parent isotope that was originally present.

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Relative and Absolute Ages in Geology In this lab-learning exercise you will: Use the theory of radioactive isotope decay to calculate parent and daughter isotope abundances and determine the absolute age of geological materials. Determine relative geologic age sequences using the basic principles of relative age determination. Distinguish different types of unconformities in the stratigraphy of the Grand Canyon. There are two parts to this lab exercise A.

Part 1 is on absolute age determinations using radioactive isotopes and their daughter products in geological materials. In Part 2 you will use the principles of relative dating to determine sequences of geological events as indicated by the layers and structures in the rocks. Part 2 ends with an application of the principles of relative dating to the rocks of the Grand Canyon. E-mail a copy of your certificate to the Assignments folder in the virtual classroom, or else mail in a hard copy, or both.

Carbon decays to Nitrogen with a half-life of 5, years. With such a geologically short half life, carbon can only be used to determine ages of relatively young materials, less than 70, years old. Older materials have so little carbon left that it cannot be accurately measured.

1. EXERCISE 7: HISTORICAL GEOLOGY AND FOSSILS

April Koch April teaches high school science and holds a master’s degree in education. Discover how geologists study the layers in sedimentary rock to establish relative age. Learn how inclusions and unconformities can tell us stories about the geologic past.

RELATIVE DATING EXERCISE. @ — The information contained in this document is copyrighted. To review our principles of relative dating as applied to such geologic cross-sections, we will make use of a neat learning tool available on the Internet. “Athro Limited” is a private company which provides education modules on the Internet.

Acknowledgements Introduction his document discusses the way radiometric dating and stratigraphic principles are used to establish the conventional geological time scale. It is not about the theory behind radiometric dating methods, it is about their application, and it therefore assumes the reader has some familiarity with the technique already refer to “Other Sources” for more information.

As an example of how they are used, radiometric dates from geologically simple, fossiliferous Cretaceous rocks in western North America are compared to the geological time scale. To get to that point, there is also a historical discussion and description of non-radiometric dating methods. A common form of criticism is to cite geologically complicated situations where the application of radiometric dating is very challenging.

These are often characterised as the norm, rather than the exception. I thought it would be useful to present an example where the geology is simple, and unsurprisingly, the method does work well, to show the quality of data that would have to be invalidated before a major revision of the geologic time scale could be accepted by conventional scientists.

Using M & M’s to Demonstrate Radiometric Dating